Chappell, N.A., Douglas, I., Hanapi, J.M., and Tych, W. 2004. Source of suspended-sediment within a tropical catchment recovering from selective logging. Hydrological Processes, 18, 685-701.

 

Abstract

Quantification of the source of suspended sediments generated by selective forestry activities is central to the development of sustainable forestry guidelines. This assessment is hampered by a dearth of available studies, particularly from the tropics. This study involved the monitoring (at 10 second intervals) of surface discharge and turbidity from 15 contributory areas of a 44 ha catchment. The catchment is located within lowland dipterocarp rain forest on Borneo Island, in a region recovering from the first episode of selective timber removal that took place some 5-years previously. Both the within-storm dynamics of the sediment flux and the time-integrated sediment yields were analysed to link the source landforms to the catchment behaviour.

A 10-year rainfall event of 167 mm occurred during the monitoring period and triggered a debris slide and several log-culvert collapses along the area's main timber haulage road. The sampling design captured this event's dynamics and allowed lumped catchment response to be traced to the new landforms. During the 1-day period of the 10-year event, some 33 tonnes of suspended sediment were transported from one debris slide comprising a significant proportion of the 105 tonnes discharging from the whole catchment, which itself constituted 40 % of the annual yield of 592 t km-2 yr-1. The contributory areas with only ephemeral waterflows, including former haulage roads and tracks, generated relatively little sediment during this 10-year event or in other storms. This work would suggest that while some sediment sources recover from the impacts of forest road construction and harvesting, collapse of roadfill materials or more local log-culvert failure, persists for several years after harvesting. Sustainable forestry guidelines that do not focus on ameliorating these persistent instabilities may not significantly mitigate the geomorphic impacts of conventional, selective harvesting.


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